By Jan Walsh Hokenson, Marcella Munson
Bilingual texts were left outdoor the mainstream of either translation idea and literary background. but the culture of the bilingual author, relocating among diverse signal platforms and audiences to create a textual content in languages, is a wealthy and venerable one, going again no less than to the center a while. The self-translated, bilingual textual content was once regular within the mutlilingual global of medieval and early smooth Europe, usually bridging Latin and the vernaculars. whereas self-translation continued between cultured elites, it lowered in the course of the consolidation of the realms, within the lengthy period of nationalistic monolingualism, merely to resurge within the postcolonial era.
The Bilingual textual content makes a primary step towards offering the fields of translation experiences and comparative literature with a accomplished account of literary self-translation within the West. It tracks the moving paradigms of bilinguality around the centuries and addresses the pressing questions that the bilingual textual content increases for translation theorists at the present time: Is every one a part of the bilingual textual content a separate, unique construction or is every one incomplete with out the opposite? Is self-translation a special style? Can both model be break up off right into a unmarried language or literary culture? How can linguistic types of a textual content be outfitted into ordinary versions of overseas and household texts and cultures? simply because such texts defeat ordinary different types of research, The Bilingual textual content reverses the standard severe gaze, highlighting no longer dissimilarities yet continuities throughout types, taking into account dissimilarities inside orders of correspondence, and englobing the literary in addition to linguistic and cultural dimensions of the textual content. Emphasizing the arcs of historic swap in recommendations of language and translation that tell every one case research, The Bilingual textual content examines the perdurance of this phenomenon in Western societies and literatures.
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Additional info for The Bilingual Text: History and Theory of Literary Self-Translation
We aim rather to offer a descriptive and analytical study of one neglected strand in translation history and theory, and to situate it conceptually within the ever widening field of translation studies. The field needs first of all an historically full account of literary bilinguality upon which theorists in linguistics and poetics may build. To the degree that we sketch the lineaments of a theoretical model of self-translation in the course of this study, it has been primarily for our own use in construing a complex history and, we hope, for the reader’s better understanding of the uniquely bilingual text.
In other cases, as in medieval and Renaissance texts, or postcolonial texts in the former colonies in Africa or Asia, diglossic conditions ensure bilingual readers, who can and do savor both versions. Thus in this study, the bilingual text requires a dialogic relation to audience as a relative concept for peoples and languages always shifting, often overlapping, along the axes of social change. In the terms we use to explore such issues in the following pages, we have tried to avoid neologisms and hew to standard usage as much as possible, for clarity and the reader’s convenience.
Adams in Bilingualism and the Latin Language (2003) , and from Suzanne Romaine in Bilingualism (1995:11–25) and Daniel Bag- gioni in Langues et nation en Europe (1997:54–61), we have developed the following terminology for our purposes in The Bilingual Text, beginning with the broadest kinds of bilingualism and ending on the self-translator: An ambient translingual has been exposed to two or more languages in different settings, which may be either within a single social milieu (such as home and school) or across different milieus or even borders (such as through migration, exile, or travel).
The Bilingual Text: History and Theory of Literary Self-Translation by Jan Walsh Hokenson, Marcella Munson