By Andrew Lacey
The cult of King Charles the Martyr didn't spring into existence totally shaped in January 1649. Its part elements have been shaped in the course of Charles's captivity and have been available to preachers and eulogists within the weeks and months after the regicide. besides the fact that, it was once the ebook of the Eikon Basilike in early February 1649 that proven similar to Charles as a pain, blameless king, strolling within the footsteps of his Saviour to his personal Calvary at Whitehall. The determine of the martyr and the shared set of pictures and ideology surrounding him contributed to the survival of royalism and Anglicanism through the years of exile.With the recovery the cult used to be given professional prestige through the annexing of the place of work for the thirtieth January within the e-book of universal Prayer in 1662. The political theology underpinning the cult and a specific historiography of the Civil Wars have been provided because the purely orthodox examining of those occasions. but from the Exclusion difficulty onwards dissonant voices have been heard not easy the orthodox interpretation. In those situations the cult started to fragment among those that retained the political theology of the 1650s and those that sought to evolve the cult to the altering political and dynastic situations of 1688 and 1714.This is the 1st learn to deal completely with the cult and takes the tale up until eventually 1859, the 12 months within which the place of work for the thirtieth January used to be faraway from the ebook of universal Prayer. except discussing the origins of the cult in battle, revolution and defeat it additionally finds the level to which political debate within the overdue 17th and early eighteenth centuries was once carried out by way of the Civil Wars. It additionally is going a way to explaining the patience of conservative assumptions and styles of idea. ANDREW LACEY is at present unique Collections Librarian, collage of Leicester, and school Librarian, Trinity corridor, Cambridge.
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Extra info for The Cult of King Charles the Martyr (Studies in Modern British Religious History)
It is apparent that Charles was solicited for the Touch at any time, whether returning from Newport or even on entering his coach. Likewise the ceremony surrounding the pre-war event is completely absent, gone are the chaplains intoning the prayers, gone are the obedient lines of hopeful sufferers; instead, Charles is accosted and grabbed by the coat by a woman who begs him for the Touch. Likewise, although the receipt of an Angel had traditionally been an indispensable part of the healing ritual, and despite the ambiguity over whether the gold was merely a sign of the king’s charity or an indispensable part of the healing process, the incidents here recounted confirm that when stripped to its essentials the royal miracle depended upon nothing but the physical presence of the king.
The problem was that Charles was by this time a prisoner on the Isle of Wight and so beyond Cole’s reach. However, Cole learnt that the king was to be brought through Winchester en route to London to stand trial, and so he decided to wait upon the king as he passed through the town. Charles, however, was not on a royal progress, he was a prisoner under escort, and when he arrived in Winchester Cole realised that the crowd of soldiers and officials around him made it impossible to come near enough to received the Touch.
1643, p. 11. 15 Symmons commented in Messages of peace that it was possible to meet the real Charles through his writings and his replies to the Parliamentary negotiators, and Symmons here refers to the word of Charles as his ‘gospel’. This is significant not only in respect of the later reception of the Eikon Basilike but because Charles worked assiduously throughout the 1640s to present an acceptable image of himself to his people. It has been suggested that his stammer made Charles favour other forms of communication over the spoken word.
The Cult of King Charles the Martyr (Studies in Modern British Religious History) by Andrew Lacey