New PDF release: The Handbook of Historical Linguistics

By Brian Joseph, Richard Janda

ISBN-10: 0631195718

ISBN-13: 9780631195719

The guide of old Linguistics presents an in depth account of the various matters, tools, and effects that signify present paintings in ancient linguistics, the world of linguistics so much without delay fascinated about language swap in addition to earlier language states.Contains an in depth advent that locations the learn of old linguistics in its right context inside of linguistics and the historic sciences regularly Covers the technique of old linguistics and offers refined overviews of the foundations governing phonological, morphological, syntactic, and semantic switch contains contributions from the best experts within the box

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Labov’s findings concerning the greater consistency and even systematicity of informal speech-styles firmly impressed themselves on the minds of linguists. We have in mind such quantitative results as those of Labov (1989a: 13–14, 17–18) concerning speakers of Philadelphia English. Even though the spontaneous speech of a representative sample of these speakers was characterized by 99–100 percent consistency (with 250 clear tokens versus 1 ambiguous case) in realizing the lexical – that is, phonemic – contrast between low, lax /æ/ in sad versus raised, centralized /æh/ (phonetically [e@]) in bad, glad, and mad), there was only 73–7 percent consistency (depending on the evaluation of difficult-to-interpret tokens) in the realization of this pattern within the more formal style involved in reading word-lists aloud.

Praised Lyell because he brought a geologic consensus so forcefully to the public. 28 Richard D. Janda and Brian D. Joseph In short, as pointed out by Gould’s (1987: 118–19) extensive and eloquent study of Lyell as a “Historian of Time’s Cycle” (expanding on the start already made in Gould 1965): Lyell united under the common rubric of uniformity two different kinds of claims – a set of methodological statements about proper scientific procedure, and a group of substantive beliefs about how the world really works.

Instead . . [,] they have focused . . on diachronic correspondences, calling these metalingual relations “changes” . . and speaking of them as of objects changing into other objects, bizarre as it may seem. . In other words, the word “change” has commonly been employed . . not to describe anything going on in the object of inquiry – language in diachrony – but rather to sum up a reified version of the linguist’s observations. . In order to describe effectively the reality of diachronic developments, .

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The Handbook of Historical Linguistics by Brian Joseph, Richard Janda

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