Read e-book online The High North: Between Geography and Politics PDF

By Ryszard M. Czarny

ISBN-10: 3319216619

ISBN-13: 9783319216614

ISBN-10: 3319216627

ISBN-13: 9783319216621

This publication bargains with the transformation of the Arctic from an remoted or a far off zone to a member of the worldwide neighborhood, susceptible to worldwide alterations, and a space often within the very middle of the world’s awareness. elevated worldwide curiosity is a possible resource of tensions among the necessity for exploration or exploitation, and the necessities of safeguard. This context demands new info, wisdom and knowledge important for a greater knowing of interactions among assorted platforms, in addition to constructing wisdom in regards to the present and strength adjustments sooner or later. the target of the ebook is to aid boost a technique of variation to weather switch in response to the information and event of the super potent mechanisms which for hundreds of years made survival attainable during this region.

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27 While attempting to navigate the passage, several new discoveries were made: Sir John Ross reached Smith Sound and Lancaster Sound (1818–1819); W. E. Parry discovered Barrow Strait, Melville Island (Northwest Territories and Nunavut), and Melville and Banks islands (1819– 1820); J. Franklin charted the north coast of America from the eastern side (1819–1822), and in the years 1845–1847 disappeared on his last expedition, attempting to chart and navigate a section of the Northwest Passage in the Canadian Arctic.

The government approved the building of a new high-tech polar expedition research icebreaker, which is to be launched in 2014; more on the subject in China’s 1st icebreaker to be completed in 2013. Retrieved May 03, 2012 from http://usa. htm; Lasserre, F. China and the Arctic: Threat of Cooperation Potential for Canada? Retrieved June 05, 2011 from http://www. , Doyle, A. First Chinese ship crosses Arctic Ocean amid record melt. com/article/2012/08/17/us-china-environmentidUKBRE87G0P820120817. 28 2 The High North and objectivity in treating the problems of the High North, particularly in the context of their search for bilateral agreements with the Arctic countries which can be spectacularly illustrated by the direction of Chinese politics towards Iceland.

44 More on the subject in Kubiak (2009). 45 For the Chinese, the Arctic is a subject of scientific research conducted in the field of climate changes,46 fish species, new sea routes, and energy security. Within the frame of an extensive program of scientific research, in 1989, they established the Polar Research Institute of China—PRIC. The first Chinese Arctic expedition took place in 1999, and China’s first Arctic research station, Arctic Yellow River, was founded at Ny-Ålesund in Norway’s western Svalbard archipelago in July 2004.

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The High North: Between Geography and Politics by Ryszard M. Czarny

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