The New Cosmic Onion: Quarks and the Nature of the Universe by Close F. PDF

By Close F.

ISBN-10: 1584887982

ISBN-13: 9781584887980

No longer when you consider that Newton's apple has there been a physics phenomenon as deliciously beautiful to the loads as Frank Close's Cosmic Onion. largely embraced via scientists and laypersons alike, the booklet speedy grew to become a global bestseller, has been translated into seven languages, and propelled the writer to develop into a famous well known technology star worldwide. a lot has replaced because the unique e-book in 1983, and the recent Cosmic Onion used to be largely revised and up to date to mirror our new view of the universe. preserving the simplest contents from the former paintings, this new version contains large new fabric explaining the clinical demanding situations in the beginning of this century.

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Additional resources for The New Cosmic Onion: Quarks and the Nature of the Universe (2006)(1st ed.)(en)(184s)

Sample text

Having isolated these three components, though not yet knowing how they were formed nor what their true nature was, Rutherford exploited them to study atomic structure. In 1902, Rutherford and Soddy discovered that some atoms could spontaneously disintegrate and produce other atoms. In the same decade, Pierre Curie and Marie Curie-Sklodowska discovered new radioactive elements — radium and polonium — in the products of uranium’s disintegration. Suspicion grew that atoms had an inner structure which differed only slightly between one atom and the next.

An atomic nucleus in this model is like a collection of billiard balls. Any Atomic nucleus is then made from a total of A such balls. This number, selected at random from the stellar bag, will consist of white balls (Neutrons, number N) and red balls (Protons, number P); obviously A = N + P. Any balls that have touched one another will stick together. P1: Binod October 31, 2006 42 17:0 C7982 C7982˙Book The New Cosmic Onion: Quarks and the Nature of the Universe Imagine what would happen if you dipped into the bag and pulled out bundles at random.

This slow progress contrasts with the profound understanding that had emerged about the outer reaches of atoms. By 1930, the structure of the atom was common knowledge. The rules governing the distribution of the electrons among the atomic energy levels had been successfully worked out and explained the regularities in chemical properties that Mendeleev had noticed 60 years earlier. The whole of theoretical chemistry was subsumed in the new atomic physics. This caused one of the most prominent theoretical physicists of the time to comment that the basic laws were now formulated and that the prime task was to work out their consequences.

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The New Cosmic Onion: Quarks and the Nature of the Universe (2006)(1st ed.)(en)(184s) by Close F.


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