By Professor Randolph Barker, Professor Robert W. Herdt
To hundreds of thousands of individuals on this planet, rice is the guts of lifestyles, specially in Asia, the place greater than ninety percentage of the world's rice is grown. This booklet is ready the developments and alterations that experience happened within the Asian rice financial system due to the fact that international struggle II, yet really because the creation of recent types of rice and smooth expertise within the mid-1960s. even if there's now an unlimited quantity of literature and statistical info on a variety of points of the topic, no unmarried accomplished remedy has formerly been ready. The Rice economic climate of Asia not just presents this kind of remedy but in addition provides a transparent photograph of a few of the serious matters facing productiveness and fairness --- as a look on the desk of contents will exhibit. as well as 18 chapters, there are an in depth bibilography, one hundred fifty tables, and 50 charts. the quantity, as a complete, could be fascinating and important to decisionmakers at nationwide and overseas degrees, to pros, and to scholars of improvement.
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Additional info for The Rice Economy of Asia
Irrigation was widely practiced, and some largescale works were in operation. The water buffalo, indigenous to Southeast Asia, was in common use. the iron plough, hoe, and sickle were primary implements of cultivation, and rice was the staple grain in the middle and lower Yangtze River Valley. During the early Christian era, rice cultivation extended southward in China, and manuring and transplanting were adopted. In the period from A D . D. 500, rice became a staple in central and east China south of the Yangtze River.
But it is clear that, in relative terms, hired labor stands to gain as much if not more than farm operators from the introduction of the new technology. Alternatively, where yields have stagnated, no gains accrued to hired labor. In absolute terms, however, there is no question that the distribution of benefits from technological change and increased income earnings is determined largely by the ownership of resources. It would be difficult to argue that the introduction of new rice technology has had any significant impact on the pattern of resource ownership, which is much more skewed in South and Southeast Asia than in East Asia.
In summary, the pragmatic balance of low rice prices, government subsidies for irrigation, investment in research and extension, and subsidized credit has proved very successful in a number of Asian countries in achieving policy objectives and in increasing rice production. However, it would be wrong to conclude that these policies achieved economic efficiency either for specific countries or for the region as a whole. Rice production increases, whether encouraged through price supports in the medium-to-high income countries or through other forms of subsidy in the low-income countries, have been achieved at considerable cost.
The Rice Economy of Asia by Professor Randolph Barker, Professor Robert W. Herdt