By Robert M. O'Neil
During this revised and up to date variation of The Rights of Public staff, Robert M. O’Neil broadens the focal point from executive staff to all public staff, emphasizing the public-service nature of the occupations and professions of such members. utilizing a question-and-answer structure, O’Neil covers such subject matters as public employment and person rights; preliminary skills of public staff; public employment and freedom of speech; politics, patronage, public provider, and unions; the personal lives of public staff; discrimination according to race, gender, and incapacity; and the procedural rights of public employees.In the last decade and a part among variants, a few subject matters have remained consistent: few adjustments have happened within the parts of loyalty oaths, political and non secular checking out, public staff’ political involvement, and freedom of speech concerning issues of normal value. This variation, although, does mirror monstrous adjustments within the legislation of public employment.Dramatic alterations have taken position, for instance, within the improvement of drug and AIDS trying out within the office. Employers are difficult additional information than they did within the 1970s—citizenship, age, top, weight, and felony checklist are decided prior to creating a lease. those and different very important alterations that experience happened within the sector of actual privateness and race and gender discrimination have triggered Congress and the courts to name for an important reexamination of present coverage. equally, obligatory retirement and the difficulty of procedural rights of public staff have lately acquired shut scrutiny from lawmakers and judges.O’Neil emphasizes constitutional in addition to statutory rights of people that paintings for the govt.. The rights of public staff are gradually increasing and being subtle. while, vital changes stay (and most likely will regularly stay) among the private and non-private sectors.In defining the rights of public staff within the usa, O’Neil explains intimately the adjustments in guidelines and approaches that experience taken position in recent times and that, sometimes, are at present below exam. With this necessary consultant, public staff can achieve a greater knowing in their rights and therefore be extra convinced in exercise these rights.
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Additional resources for The Rights of Public Employees, The Basic ACLU Guide
Finding the precise version that applied presented a daunting task for civilian employees in the military. Now the Pentagon has combined and simplified the rules into a single version that applies to all civilian personnel. 10 But bewildering arrays of parallel rules still exist elsewhere in the public service. Collective bargaining offers a good example of how wide are the variations in the laws that shape public employment. The Constitution ensures only that government workers may not be punished or fired because they belong to a union.
Yet government employees are expected to shape and adapt their lives in ways not required of the rest of the workforce. This book begins by identifying and explaining some of those differences. May government deny a person a job on any ground or for any reason it chooses? No. It is true that government does not "owe" any person a job, and no citizen has a constitutional right to a job. But a public agency that hires workers must consider every applicant on the basis of its needs and his or her qualifications.
The answer probably depends both on the nature of the position and on the applicable policy regarding the use and dissemination of criminal records. Occasionally the assessment of an applicant for a sensitive position may include a review of arrest records. But courts seem increasingly reluctant to permit wholesale inquiry into such files, and recent decisions suggest Page 23 a diminishing level of acceptable government scrutiny of such records. Meanwhile states have increasingly addressed this issue through legislation in different ways.
The Rights of Public Employees, The Basic ACLU Guide by Robert M. O'Neil