By Colin Morris
The tomb of Christ at Jerusalem used to be an essential effect within the making of Western Europe. Pilgrimage there stimulated the improvement of society and its buildings. the need to "bring the Sepulchre to the West" in copies or memorials formed paintings and faith, whereas the ambition to regulate Christ's tomb was once a principal target of the crusades.
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Extra info for The Sepulchre of Christ and the Medieval West: From the Beginning to 1600
The inﬂuences under which he took so rapid a decision after the defeat of Licinius remain unclear. Whatever the reasons for the emperor’s policy in the East as a whole, the choice of location must have been made by the leaders of the local church in Palestine or at Aelia. The site would have been C. Mango, ‘The Pilgrim’s Motivation’, Akten XII, . Life of Constantine . (PPTS . ). G. Dagron, ‘Aux origines de la civilisation byzantine’, Revue Historique, (), –. Consequences of Constantine, – attractive because of its central position in the city, but Constantine’s letter did not mention this, but described it as a special place of Christian remembrance.
It is a nice story and ordinary people like it, but it is not true. For outside the city and the gate were the places in which the heads of criminals were struck oﬀ, and they took the name of Calvary, that is of the beheaded. At much the same time, Ambrose did accept that Adam was buried at Golgotha, and in the early sixth century Cesarius of Arles wrote that ‘it is called the place of a skull (calvariae) because the ﬁrst head of the human race is said to have been buried there’. All the same, the powerful inﬂuence of Jerome ensured that the Adam legend did not appear much in Latin literature before the time of the crusades.
The Sepulchre of Christ and the Medieval West: From the Beginning to 1600 by Colin Morris