By Séverine Autesserre
- Winner of the 2012 Grawemeyer Award for concepts bettering global Order
- Winner of the 2011 Chadwick F. Alger Prize, foreign reports Association
The difficulty with the Congo indicates a brand new reason for overseas peacebuilding disasters in civil wars. Drawing from greater than 330 interviews and a 12 months and a 1/2 box examine, it develops a case research of the overseas intervention throughout the Democratic Republic of the Congo's unsuccessful transition from struggle to peace and democracy (2003-2006). Grassroots rivalries over land, assets, and political strength encouraged frequent violence. besides the fact that, a dominant peacebuilding tradition formed the intervention procedure in a manner that precluded motion on neighborhood conflicts, eventually dooming the foreign efforts to finish the deadliest clash for the reason that international struggle II. so much overseas actors interpreted persevered battling because the outcome of nationwide and neighborhood tensions on my own. UN employees and diplomats seen intervention on the macro degrees as their purely valid accountability. The dominant tradition built neighborhood peacebuilding as such an unimportant, unexpected, and unmanageable activity that neither stunning occasions nor resistance from decide on participants may possibly persuade overseas actors to reevaluate their knowing of violence and intervention.
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Additional info for The Trouble with the Congo: Local Violence and the Failure of International Peacebuilding
Moreover, in each observation site, the UN peacekeeping mission could have deployed, alongside the military, a civilian staff member tasked with monitoring grassroots tensions and providing suggestions for resolution. He or Reviews of news items, 2003–2008, as well as UN Panel of Inquiry 2002a and 2002b; and UN Security Council 2004b, 2005c, and 2006a. 24 The Peacebuilding World 19 she should have had the authority to draw on existing military, diplomatic, or development resources to promote local peace.
For added clarity, Table 1 summarizes the sources of the peacebuilding culture that are central to the argument of this book. It shows whether these elements wereÂ€– or becameÂ€– part of a culture that was located inside or outside of organizations. In the latter case, the table indicates whether the culture was truly global (at the level of the world polity) or restricted to the peacebuilding field. In all cases, I distinguish whether these elements preceded the international intervention in the Congo or emerged from practice during the time of the Congolese transition.
40 DiMaggio and Powell 1983, p. 148. 41 Benson 2006, p. 188; and Bigo 2006, p. â•…â•‡ 42â•‡ Bourdieu 1979. 39 The Peacebuilding World 27 understandings coming from the culture external to these organizations were translated into specific routines, rules, and procedures in different institutional spaces. It is important to acknowledge that this peacebuilding culture was not spread across all international interveners to the same extent. Many organizations and subunits had different subcultures and distinct priorities, and some individuals or agencies actually contested various elements of the peacebuilding culture.
The Trouble with the Congo: Local Violence and the Failure of International Peacebuilding by Séverine Autesserre