By Theresa Biberauer, Michelle Sheehan
This booklet considers the consequences of cross-linguistic word-order styles for linguistic conception. one of many salient result of Joseph Greenberg's pioneering paintings in language typology was once the concept of a 'harmonic' word-order kind, wherein if the verb looks on the left or correct fringe of the verb word, different heads (e.g. prepositions, nouns) additionally are inclined to accomplish that. at the present time, even though, there's reputation in either the typological and generative literature that very many, and doubtless even nearly all of languages, fail to be absolutely harmonic within the feel that each one head-complement pairs trend alike. yet does this suggest unlimited version? The chapters during this quantity, written via foreign students, talk about the problems bobbing up from this simple query, drawing on facts from typologically detailed disharmonic languages, together with Mandarin chinese language, Basque, Mocheno (a Tyrolean sort spoken in Northern Italy), French, English, Hixkaryana (a Cariban language), Khalkha Mongolian, Uyghur Turkic, and Afrikaans.
The quantity starts with a considerable advent to the learn of note order and its relation to linguistic concept. it truly is then divided into sections at the nature of disharmony; the function of prosody; the query of Antisymmetry and novel possible choices to Antisymmetry; and the Final-over-Final Constraint. other than introducing new empirical findings, the quantity additionally bargains a number of new views on disharmonic notice orders, the prestige of notice order in linguistic thought, and theoretical bills of typological gaps.
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Additional resources for Theoretical Approaches to Disharmonic Word Order
This, combined with Nespor and Vogel’s (1982) Complement Law (22), means that French is as left-headed as is permitted by UG. 28 While there is undeniable evidence for a connection between headedness and stress, as pointed out by Cinque’s (1993) discussion of the Nuclear Stress Rule, it is not clear what the direction of causality is. Is it that the requirement for initial stress forces head-ﬁnality or is it rather that stress is sensitive to hierarchy rather than word order, and so tracks the position of complements?
Pollock (1989), Holmberg and Platzack (1995), and Massam (2000, 2001, 2005) for discussion. Cf. also Alexiadou and Anagnostopoulou (2001, 2007) on the so-called Subject in Situ Generalization and its proposed universal consequences. For Chomsky (2013), who also speciﬁcally cites this Generalization, movement is very generally required in language systems, regardless of their head initiality or head ﬁnality, to facilitate labelling. 20 Chomsky (1995a,b) takes the LCA to function as a linearization algorithm, applying only at the mapping to PF.
Kiparsky (2008) seems to imply that the interaction operates at quite a deep level: The generative program opens up the possibility that [third factors—TB/MS] might have become biologized within UG itself . . (Kiparsky 2008: 25) Abels and Neeleman (2009) likewise speculate (as one possibility) that the requirement that a ﬁller precede a gap might act ‘as motivation for a grammatical principle stating that a moved constituent must be linearized at PF as preceding its sister’ (cf. Ackema and Neeleman 2002 for the original discussion and motivation of these ideas).
Theoretical Approaches to Disharmonic Word Order by Theresa Biberauer, Michelle Sheehan