Tones and Tunes: Experimental Studies in Word and Sentence - download pdf or read online

By Gussenhoven, Carlos, Riad, Tomas, Carlos Gussenhoven, Tomas Riad

ISBN-10: 3110190583

ISBN-13: 9783110190588

This quantity offers 14 experimental experiences of lexical tone and intonation in a large choice of languages. Six papers take care of the discriminability or the functionality of intonation contours and lexical tones in particular languages, as demonstrated at the foundation of listener responses, in addition to with mind activation styles because of the belief of tonal and intonational stimuli. the remainder 8 papers record on special phonetic findings on various tonal phenomena in a few languages, together with declination in tone languages, ultimate reducing, consonant-tone interactions and pitch goal alignment.

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Extra info for Tones and Tunes: Experimental Studies in Word and Sentence Prosody (Phonology and Phonetics)

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David Crystal, A Dictionary o f Linguistics and Phonetics, 4th edn (Oxford: Blackwell 1997). David Crystal, The Penguin Dictionary o f Language, 2nd edn (London: Penguin 1999). Geoffrey Finch, Linguistic Terms and Concepts (London: Palgrave 2000). P. H. Matthews, The Concise Oxford Dictionary o f Linguistics (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press 1997). R. L. Trask, A Student’s Dictionary o f Language and Linguistics (London: Arnold 1997). R. L. Trask, Key Concepts in Language and Linguistics (London and New York: Routledge 1999).

THEAETETUS: t h e s t r a n g t h e a e t e t u s t h e : Define each o f them. : The indication which relates to action we may call a verb. s t r a n g e r Yes. : And the vocal sign applied to those who perform the actions in question we call a noun. e a e t e t u s : Exactly. THEAETETUS: t h e t h s t r a n g e r t h : Hence discourse is never composed o f nouns alone spoken in succession, nor o f verbs spoken without nouns. e a e t e t u s : I do not understand that. E s t r a n g e r : I see; you evidently had something else in mind when you assented t h just now; for what I wished to say was just this, that verbs and nouns do not make discourse if spoken successively in this way.

But even in the earliest texts that have survived from Greece, the Homeric epics (the IIiad and the Odyssey) ofthe eighth century BC, the Greek gods are never as inexorable and overpowering as those o f the Persians and Egyptians; they may recommend a particular course o f action and punish an individual who disobeys them, but they do not compel human beings to do their will. ’1 Humans have free will; the gods are no longer all-powerful. Greek literature from the eighth to the fourth century BC depicts a gradual awakening to independence and freedom o f action.

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Tones and Tunes: Experimental Studies in Word and Sentence Prosody (Phonology and Phonetics) by Gussenhoven, Carlos, Riad, Tomas, Carlos Gussenhoven, Tomas Riad


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