By Oliver Ramsbotham
This booklet investigates intractable conflicts and their major verbal manifestation - radical confrontation – and explores what should be performed whilst clash solution fails. The booklet identifies agonistic discussion - discussion among enemies - because the key to linguistic intractability. It indicates how agonistic discussion can most sensible be studied, explored, understood and controlled even within the such a lot critical political conflicts whilst negotiation, mediation, challenge fixing, discussion for mutual figuring out, and discourse ethics are unsuccessful. This method of viewing radical war of words because the primary subject of study and clash administration is a brand new innovation during this box, and in addition vitamins and complements present communicative transformational innovations. It additionally has wider implications for cognate fields, resembling utilized ethics, democratic concept, cultural reports and the philosophy of distinction. This ebook could be of significant curiosity to scholars of clash answer, peace and clash reports, ethnic clash and diplomacy often. Oliver Ramsbotham is Emeritus Professor of clash answer on the collage of Bradford, united kingdom, Chair of the Oxford learn workforce, President of the clash learn Society and co-author of clash answer in modern clash.
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Additional resources for Transforming violent conflict: radical disagreement, dialogue and survival
They take on meanings only within such discursive processes. Words are the effects of material struggle and are deployed as weapons in the wider ideological war. Ideologies are shaped by each other in the crucible of class conflict where ‘words may be weapons, explosives or tranquillisers or poisons’ and ‘certain words struggle amongst themselves as enemies’. As language is commandeered, the fight is transmuted into an antagonism of verbal meanings where contrasting ‘vocabulary-syntaxes’ may lead the same words in different directions ‘depending on the nature of the ideological interests at stake’.
Rather, they exist only in those ‘apparatuses’ through which the class struggle is politicized – not just governments, but educational systems, churches and the media. Ideological struggle is not a meeting of distinct pre-existing entities for the same reason that classes are not mutually distinct and pre-existent to the class struggle. Ideological state apparatuses provide an objective field to contradictions which express … the effects of the clashes between the capitalist class struggle and the proletarian class struggle, as well as their subordinate forms.
Here the main focus is on the relationship between language and power. Critical political linguists look back to the early Marxist readings of Volosinov (1930/1973), developed through the work of Pécheux (1975/82) and others influenced by Althusser’s writings on ideology in the 1970s, and on to those who have applied mainstream European social theory (Bourdieu; Foucault; Habermas) to a close analysis of texts (Fowler et al. 1979; Kress and Hodge 1979; Laclau and Mouffe 1985; Macdonell 1986; Fairclough 1989).
Transforming violent conflict: radical disagreement, dialogue and survival by Oliver Ramsbotham