By E. Souleimanov
This e-book significantly evaluates the transforming into physique of theoretical literature on ethnic clash and civil conflict, utilizing empirical information from 3 significant South Caucasian conflicts, comparing the relative strengths and weaknesses of the to be had methodological techniques.
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Extra resources for Understanding Ethnopolitical Conflict: Karabakh, South Ossetia, and Abkhazia Wars Reconsidered
In both cases, massive use of force will be carried out by agents of violence, that is, by centralized insurgency leaders. The stage of civil war is characterized by the maximum possible degree of ethnic polarization. Only self-determination is now acceptable for the insurgent groups and their ethnic kin, as they believe their very identity and physical survival is at stake, following incidents of civil war related killings and massacres on the battlefield and beyond: continued existence within the borders of the oppressive state now seems inconceivable.
Consequently, I will point out some of the weaknesses of quantitative research and will argue for the necessity of carrying out qualitative research on civil wars in order to better grasp the full contextual complexity of ethnic conflicts, while also illustrating causal mechanisms. 47 Structural accounts Level of economic development A low level of economic development is widely believed to increase the likelihood of intrastate conflict. According to existing quantitative research, poorer societies are on average more prone to internal conflict than are wealthier ones.
It is important to note that processes of modernization contribute to increased levels of social stratification, both along the lines of interethnic divisions, and also amongst members of the same ethnic group. Hence, modernization must itself be seen as a source of social inequality – inequality which in turn causes discontent that may be manipulated so as to rationalize ethnic conflicts whose ultimate aims may, in fact, be far removed from the interests of the ethnic groups concerned. 16 After all, relatively recent social identity theory has demonstrated that in-groups may be constructed quite easily, may provide for a strong sense of in-group solidarity, and out-group discrimination, and may also create the conditions for dynamic collective action.
Understanding Ethnopolitical Conflict: Karabakh, South Ossetia, and Abkhazia Wars Reconsidered by E. Souleimanov