By Richard T. Carson, Michael B. Conaway, W. Michael Hanemann, Jon A. Krosnick, Robert C. Mitchell, Stanley Presser
On April 22-23, 1988, nearly 432,000 gallons of San Joaquin Valley crude oil spilled from an aboveground garage tank at a Shell Oil corporation refinery into the encompassing setting, together with the northern reaches of San Francisco Bay (the Martinez spill). Pursuant to the cost of the ensuing litigation (United States/California v. Shell Oil Co., No. C89-4220, (N.D. Cal1990)), Shell Oil corporation supplied investment for, between different issues, reports to enhance destiny reaction suggestions to grease spills and confirm greater recovery of assets and prone tormented by such spills. The California Oil Spill Contingent Valuation examine used to be one of many reports funded through the cost. the aim of the California Oil Spill (COS) Contingent Valuation (CV) research used to be "to execute and record a contingent valuation learn of common source damages linked to offshore, coastal, or estuarine oil spills in California" (State of California, division of Justice, agreement quantity 89-2126). The COS CV examine built an estimate of in line with family ex ante fiscal price for a application to avoid a distinctive set of usual source accidents to these species of birds and intertidal existence which are continually tormented by oil spills alongside California's relevant Coast. The relevant investigators at the COS examine crew have been Richard T. Carson of the collage of California, San Diego, and W. Michael Hanemann of the collage of California, Berkeley. The study's undertaking supervisor used to be Kerry M.
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Additional resources for Valuing Oil Spill Prevention: A Case Study of California’s Central Coast
D-4. Does anyone in your household like to identify different species of birds? 40 D-5. During this past summer, about how many times did people in your household go to beaches anywhere along the California coast Never, Once or twice, Three to ten times, or More than ten times? SHOW CARD K41 D-6. How often do you personally watch television programs about animals and birds in the wild ... Very often, Often, Sometimes, Rarely, or Never? 42 The next question asks whether the respondent perceives himself or herself as an environmentalist.
The importance of accurately recording the comments in the interview, both the answers given in response to specific questions like A-lOA above and spontaneous remarks made by the respondent at any other place during the interview, was emphasized in training and in the interviewer's manual (Westat, 1995, p. ) The interviewers were also trained to use non-directive probing techniques to clarify respondents' answers to open-ended questions if the answers were vague or did not adequately answer the question.
Another lesson from the pretests is that it helps to read the material in a manner that is conversational and interesting. To do this, you need to make use of effective "body language" and use a tone of voice and manner that is interesting. 7 Instruction boxes placed strategically in the text of the questionnaire Westat, 1995, pp. 4-4 and 4-5. , maps, drawings, answer categories) at the appropriate time. These aids were designed and pretested to help respondents visualize important aspects of the scenario and to help them understand the material that was being read to them.
Valuing Oil Spill Prevention: A Case Study of California’s Central Coast by Richard T. Carson, Michael B. Conaway, W. Michael Hanemann, Jon A. Krosnick, Robert C. Mitchell, Stanley Presser