Read e-book online Verb First: On the Syntax Verb Initial Languages PDF

By Andrew Carnie

ISBN-10: 1588116107

ISBN-13: 9781588116109

ISBN-10: 9027227977

ISBN-13: 9789027227973

ISBN-10: 9027294755

ISBN-13: 9789027294753

This number of papers brings jointly the newest crosslinguistic examine at the syntax of verb-initial languages. Authors with numerous theoretical views pursue the questions of ways verb-initial order is derived, and the way those derivations play into the attribute syntax of those languages. significant issues within the quantity contain the position of syntactic type in languages with verb-initial order; the various mechanisms of deriving V-initial order; and the common correlates of the order. This ebook may be of curiosity to students who paintings on theoretical methods to be aware order derivation, typologists, and those that paintings at the specific grammars of Celtic, Zapotec, Mixtec, Polynesian, Austronesian, Mayan, Salish, Aboriginal, and Nilotic languages.

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Additional info for Verb First: On the Syntax Verb Initial Languages

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Matrix adjuncts should be able to undergo wh-movement, as in (15). But adjuncts embedded within a CP complement to V should be blocked from undergoing wh-movement across an apparent distance to the specifier of the matrix C. The reason is that such movement would involve extraction out of an island – the island created when the VP dominating the CP complement undergoes VP raising in the matrix clause. See the diagram in (16). (16) CP m C’ TP C VPi T’ V’ V T CP PP vP DP v’ v ti This prediction raises a larger issue: are there any types of embedded CPs from which adjuncts can be extracted in Malagasy?

On one analysis, this is a case of genuine VP coordination with the subject na sqaxa7lhkálha outside the coordinated VP [kelkálenas i ts’í7a] múta7 [kwánensas i sqweyítsa]. On the other, it involves sentential coordination, with a pro subject in the first conjunct [kelkálenas i ts’í7a proi ], coreferent with the subject of the second conjunct, [kwánensas i sqweyítsa na sqaxa7lhkálhai ]. 14 (781-840) Henry Davis coordination (the conjunction múta7 can be used for either), we seem to have an intractable problem: any potential case of VP coordination can be analyzed alternatively as a case of sentential coordination.

With transitive predicates, VP ellipsis targets the verb and its object, excluding the subject, irrespective of whether the latter is a pronominal clitic, as in (22), or a full DP, as in (23) and (24), and irrespective of the relative order of subject and object. ” This constitutes prima facie evidence for a constituent consisting of the verb and its internal argument, excluding the external argument. 12 (679-728) Henry Davis This conclusion is reinforced by the behavior of the light verb xílem “do (so)”, which acts, like its English equivalent, as a pro-VP, as shown in (25).

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Verb First: On the Syntax Verb Initial Languages by Andrew Carnie


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