By Felix Franks
This quantity is dedicated to the answer habit of the molecules of lifestyles: lipids, nucleotide bases, amino acids, and sugars. conception is faced by means of scan and comparisons are made among the homes of molecules in crystals and in resolution. 4 very good studies are incorporated. John and Lois Crowe examine the profound lyotropic results of water on membrane phospholipids. E. Westhof and D.L. Beveridge speak about hydration of nucleic acids, concluding that the improvement of an enough description of the solvation and electrostatic homes of the nucleic acids is vital for modeling and simulation of nucleic acid constructions. T.H. Lilley examines the solvation of amino acids and small peptides, with the emphasis on these amino acids found in the proteins of upper organisms. the ultimate contribution, from Felix Franks and J. Raul Grigera, summarizes and analyzes the effect of solvation interactions at the structural, equilibrium and dynamic houses of monomeric and oligomeric polyhydroxy compounds.
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Extra info for Water Science Reviews 5: Volume 5: The Molecules of Life
Atkinson, D. M. Small, R. P. Skarjune, E. Oldfield and G. G. Shipley. Biochemistry 20, 5957(1981). 73. -A. Karlsson, B. E. Samuelsson and G. O. Steen. Biochim. Biophys. Ada 306, 317(1973). 74. Y. Barenholz, J. Suurkuusk, D. Mountcastle, T. E. Thompson and R. L. Biltonen. Biochemistry 15, 2441(1976). 75. R. P. Rand and V. A. Parsegian. Ann. Rev. Physiol. 48, 201(1986). 76. J. Coorssen and R. P. Rand. Studia Biophys. Ill, 53(1988). 77. D. M. LeNeveu, R. P. Rand and V. A. Parsegian. Nature 259, 601(1976).
Reprinted with permission from ref. 22. Copyright © 1981 Adenine Press. observation is upheld by the most recent review of hydrogen bonding in crystal structures of nucleic acid components  in which about one-third of the observed three-coordinated water molecules have a planar environment. 1. Small hydrates Despite limitations inherent to the method, [6-8] important information can be gathered from analysis of crystal structures of small hydrates. For example, a comparison of crystal structures of adenine derivatives led Rao and Sundaralingam  to suggest that protonated adenines have a tendency for C8—H---O hydrogen bonding, apparently through an increase in the polarizability of the C8—H bond (Figure 6).
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Water Science Reviews 5: Volume 5: The Molecules of Life by Felix Franks