By J. K. Fuz
The writer is absolutely conscious of the problems hooked up with an enough therapy of this topic, in view of the final again floor of that attention-grabbing age - the 17th century. the current paintings is just a modest try to draw awareness to a couple in lots of situations forgotten or left out Utopian writings and to teach the lengthy line of suggestion at the back of many strategies which, to the fashionable reader, could seem visible truths. he's greatly indebted to Professor H. W. Lambers of Rotterdam for his consistent encouragement, support and feedback and likewise for his willingness to overlook for a second his many different tasks and to cross a lot of his precious time within the serious research of the 17th century papers and guides. the writer is particularly grateful to his mom, his family members and neighbors either in Holland and in Poland for all they've got performed for hirn, and he might specifically point out pass over Mary Barber for her nice assist in correcting the English textual content. He additionally owes greatly to his spouse for her endurance, coöper ation and assist in typing the manuscripts. Acknowledgment is made to the Library of the Netherlands college of Economics at Rotterdam, to the Royal Library on the Hague and to the Librarian of the London college of Economics and Political technological know-how for his or her keen aid. J. okay. F. CONTENTS v Preface. . .
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Extra resources for Welfare Economics in English Utopias: From Francis Bacon to Adam Smith
This idea about taxation was very modern indeed, but it is difficult to say whether it was then economically feasible 2). 1) Cf. Macaria, op. cit. p. 565: "The Council of Husbandry hath ordered, that the twentieth Part of every Man's Goods, that dieth, shall be employed about the improving of Lands, and making High-ways fair, and Bridges over Rivers; by which means the whole Kingdom is become like to a fruitful Garden, the High-ways are paved, and are as fair as the Streets of a City .... " ") From the unreliable material at our disposal it is very dangerous to make even an approximate guess about the quantitative value of Hartlib's proposal, and so to judge whether it was feasible or not.
An outEne of it, is fuller and much more advanced than the early Mercantilist practices which were mostly directed towards problems of money and foreign trade. He saw the interdependence of economic questions: the handling of food supplies, regulation of the supply of skilled labour, creation of opportunities for employment, the cultivation of waste land and, lastlY' emigration, as a means to the solution of the problem of poverty; these are all attempts to increase the welfare of the country. It is an all-embracing national policy, and directed by adefinite aim - the wealth of the inhabitants and the elimination of poverty.
Trevelyan, op. eit. pp. 242-243. 46 COLLECTIVIST UTOPIA situation of the country and the depression of trade. Winstanley then went into the country, where he stayed, supported by the hospitality and charity of his friends; in this period also he joined the radical movements and, later, became a member of the Diggers, was imprisoned for his political activities and had to withdraw from political life and seek refuge among his friendsin Surrey. There also, in 1649, The Law of Freedom was written, under very poor material conditions 1).
Welfare Economics in English Utopias: From Francis Bacon to Adam Smith by J. K. Fuz