Read e-book online Word-Order Based Grammar PDF

By Eva Koktova

ISBN-10: 3110162520

ISBN-13: 9783110162523

The sequence publishes state of the art paintings on middle components of linguistics throughout theoretical frameworks in addition to reports that supply new insights via construction bridges to neighbouring fields reminiscent of neuroscience and cognitive technological know-how. The sequence considers itself a discussion board for state-of-the-art learn in line with sturdy empirical info on language in its quite a few manifestations, together with signal languages. It regards linguistic edition in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions in addition to in its social contexts as vital assets of perception for a greater realizing of the layout of linguistic structures and the ecology and evolution of language.

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They argue that clitic clusters in the Czech sentence and in general "define the preceding lexical material as a single substantial communicative unit", and that Wackernagel's principle that clitics stand after the first word in the sentence should be changed into the principle that clitics occur "after the first substantial communicative segment" (1996: 25). This segment may consist of several occurrences of syntactic relations, as their Czech, German, Dutch and Swedish examples convincingly show (cf.

Likewise, it is not quite adequate to assume a rigid, left-to-right ordering of the occurrences of syntactic relations according to their putatively rising degrees of communicative dynamism for the whole sentence. Rather, there are various types of communicative information in the sentence, each of which is a whole sui generis. This is one of the best manifestations of the piecemeal and segmented character of the (new) information of the sentence. This is related to the psychologically realistic conception of the piecemeal presentation of the new information of the sentence: it has evolved due to the limited respect to the processing capabilities of the hearer, and it is structured by the system of natural language in various ways (from the availability of most different communicative-information parts of the sentence through the occurrence of subsystems in the neutral ordering of syntactic relations to the surface segmentation of the sentence).

Firbas 1971 and 1992, Sgall et al. 1986 and Svoboda 1981) as a highly theoretical abstraction. Firbas 1971, at the same time, admits that the new information of the sentence is interspersed with elements of old information, so as to relieve the hearer from a steady flow of new information (this can be considered an informal but quite correct statement, corresponding to my conception of the pulsation of the sentence). (c) It is claimed that the (occurrences of) syntactic relations within the Focus obey a "systemic" (neutral, unmarked) ordering Sgall et al.

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Word-Order Based Grammar by Eva Koktova

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