By Charles Livingston, Paul S. Voakes,
Operating With Numbers and records: A instruction manual for newshounds will bolster math talents and enhance math self assurance for newshounds in any respect ability degrees. Authors Charles Livingston and Paul Voakes built this source booklet to enhance journalistic writing and reporting, allowing newshounds to:*make exact, trustworthy computations, which in flip permits one to make correct comparisons, positioned evidence into viewpoint, and lend vital context to stories;*recognize faulty displays, even if willfully spun or simply carelessly relayed;*ask acceptable questions about numerical matters;*translate advanced numbers for audience and readers in methods they could with ease understand;*understand computer-assisted reporting; and*write livelier, extra distinct items by using numbers.The math is gifted in a journalistic context all through, allowing readers to determine how the tactics will come into play of their work.Working With Numbers and information is designed as a reference paintings for journalism scholars constructing their writing and reporting talents. it's going to additionally serve pros as a useful gizmo to enhance their knowing and use of numbers in information tales.
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Extra info for Working with Numbers and Statistics: A Handbook for Journalists (Lea's Communication Series) Writing & Journalism
This means that 19 percent of all newspaper journalists, regardless of gender, are under 30, that 69 percent are between 30 and 50, and so on. In this case, we "found the story" in the percentages within row, that is, that the proportion of women among young journalists is much higher than the proportion of women among older journalists. In other situations, the story may be found in the percentages within column. To guard against missing the story, simply be aware of important differences among the subgroups horizontally, and among the subgroups vertically as well.
When the data are spread out very irregularly, perhaps occurring in bunches, the rule does not apply as well. "Standard deviation" is not a term reporters should be using often in their copy, but it is a useful concept in understanding a set of data, especially understanding how "spread out" the results are. For example, two towns could each have average household incomes of $80,000 a year, but if you then discover that the first town's standard deviation is $6,000 and the second town's standard deviation is $28,000, you've just learned something important about these two towns.
How can this be? This is because Hoss visits FastAndGreasy most of the time, where the cost is much lower than at GourmetTouch, and this brings his overall average down, whereas Little Joe usually visits GourmetTouch, bringing his overall average up. For further illustration, here are a couple of other situations in which you would have to watch out for combinations of group leading to paradoxical behavior of averages. • In comparing the average delay for different airlines, compare the averages for each airport separately; otherwise the airlines that mostly fly to good-weather airports will come out ahead.
Working with Numbers and Statistics: A Handbook for Journalists (Lea's Communication Series) Writing & Journalism by Charles Livingston, Paul S. Voakes,